"Early detection of leprosy cases is key to elimination"
Data :-
NLEP data at National level
After implementation of MDT for treatment of leprosy, the programme has achieved remarkable success in bringing down leprosy burden and the country achieved elimination of leprosy as a public health problem (Prevalence Rate<1 case/10,000 population) at National level in Dec. 2005 when the PR came down 0.95/10,000 population.
As on March 2007, 29 States/UTs have achieved the level of leprosy elimination i.e. PR < 1 case 10,000 population and they include : Nagaland, Haryana, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Tripura, Punjab, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, Assam, Manipur, Rajasthan, Kerala, Arunachal Pradesh, Daman & Diu, A&N Islands, Pondicherry,Karnataka, Gujarat, Tamilnadu, Lakshadweep, Andhra Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
Current Situation as on 31st March 2007
  1. A total of 82801 cases are on record as on 31st March 2007 giving a Prevalence rate (PR) of 0.72 leprosy cases per 10,000 population.

  2. Only 6 States/UTs viz. Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Chandigarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, and Delhi have PR between >1 per 10,000 population.

  3. The rest of 29 States/ UTs have achieved elimination level till date.

  4. A total of 1.39 lakh new cases detected during the year 2006-07 which gives Annual New Case Detection Rate (ANCDR) of 12.07 per 100,000 population. This shows ANCDR reduction of 15.4% from 14.27 during 2005-06.

  5. Detailed information on new leprosy cases detected during 2006-07 indicates the proportion of MB cases (45.0), Female cases (34.3), Child cases (10.1), ST cases (12.4) and SC cases (18.8).

  6. A total of 487 (79.7%) out of 611 districts have also achieved elimination.

  7. A total of 4245 (73.6%) out of 5769 blocks have also achieved elimination (provisional).

  8. Trend of leprosy Prevalence (PR) and Annual New Case Detection (ANCDR) are indicated in the graph below :

PR 2007
NLEP – Current Leprosy Situation in India as on 1st April 2007 (MORE DETAILS.....)
Deputy Director General (Lep.) Directorate General of Health Services
Govt. of India, 342, 'A' Wing, Nirman Bhawan, New Delhi – 110011 Tel. / Fax: 23062401